All posts by highup

Sassy slingbacks are back!

The best things in life are not meant to be easy. A good slingback heel often fits in that mantra. (Photo credit: Milanoo – shop slingbacks here, through our affiliate link).

Slingbacks often get a bad rap. They can be as  difficult to walk in as any high heeled sandals. The strap can rub and hurt the back of the foot as badly as a new pair of thigh highs.

The absence of an ankle strap gives a slingback all the security on the foot of a mule, which is to say: almost none.

But when they are done right, there is nothing more beautiful than a slingback heel. The key is a thin strap around the back of the heel, which flexes with the foot slightly as you walk.

Get the strap right and you can do anything with a slingback – a closed vamp, peep toe or strappy sandal frontage are all in the game.

But get it wrong, and things get messy. A strap which rubs will make a night in slingbacks simply hellish. It is very difficult to stick anything to the feet to stop the rubbing because it will be highly visible.

(Image credit: Milanoo – buy these black slingback sandals via our affiliate link).

Some say the answer to the perfect slingback in thick fixed straps, but it is difficult to buy that. What this really creates is not a slingback at all but a pump with the bit of the back cutout.

Finally, the other essential part of choosing a slingback is to make sure that the heel is a stiletto. It doesn’t actually have to be toweringly high but it does need to be thin.

The idea is for the delicate and thin strap and heel to help make the ankle look dainty too.

Good luck in your quest to find your dream sassy slingback.

What does “vero cuoio” mean on the bottom of high heeled shoes?

Buyers of both cheap and expensive stilettos are accustomed to seeing the words “vero cuoio” often stamped on the soles of the shoes. But what does this actually mean?

Vero cuoio is an Italian phrase which simply means “real leather”. It is often accompanied by a logo that looks like a leather skin, like the one above.

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You can see the four legs, head and tail of the skin in the picture. And it even has a name: the image is know as “vacchetta” meaning “the little cow”. (image credit: Manolo Blahnik Pumps” (CC BY-SA 2.0) by HousingWorksPhotos).

Is vero cuoio a mark of quality?

Vero cuoio is a mark of quality, but only in a limited way. The only real meaning of the phrase is to distinguish the leather used in the shoe from “fake” or artificial leather (sometimes known as “PU”).

Hence if your shoe says “vero cuoio” you do at least know that the manufacturer has used real leather – provided they are telling the truth in using the stamp!

The trouble is that leather quality can vary widely from top shelf to very poor quality indeed. It’s all “vero cuoio” but that doesn’t really mean all that much.

Doesn’t vero cuoio mean that the leather used is good quality Italian leather?

Before 2013, the Italian National Tanning Industry Union (known as UNIC) had a trademark for the vacchetta and vero cuoio. This gave them a virtual monopoly over the use of vero cuoio and meant that shoes with the phrase stamped on their soles would have been made of superior Italian leather.

However in 2013 the Court of Milan decided that the genuine leather symbol could not be the subject of exclusive intellectual property rights. The court case was a partial determination of claims brought by French manufacturers, and it left some aspects of the claims still to be decided.

In July 2014, the Court of Appeal of Milan confirmed the partial decision (Unic Servizi Srl et al. v. Chaussures Eram Sarl et al.). The Court of Milan then issued its full and final decision on 15 January 2016.

The effect of the litigation is that other manufacturers are free to use the symbol and words “vero cuoio” provided the overall graphical impression of their trademarks is different even if the difference is minimal. The words can therefore be applied to genuine leather from any source eg Spain (image credit:  CC BY-SA 2.0) by EraPhernalia Vintage . . . [”playin’ hook-y”] ;o).

Does vero cuoio prevent counterfeiting?

Unfortunately the use of vero cuoio on shoes can’t really help you tell if shoes are fake. Just as counterfeiters can counterfeit the shoes themselves, they can easily stamp vero cuoio on the soles.

However, in some limited situations, the absence or presence of vero cuoio could be a pointer. This is particularly so if the shoes are vintage designer heels from before 2013 and you know whether they actually made use of Italian leather.

Buy high heels

return rates for high heels

The days when the exhilarating feeling of buying heels was relegated to a trip to the department store or corner shoe store are long gone.

Internet sales of shoes are booming, with retailers desperate for a slice of the online action despite return rates of up to 40%.

Best sites to purchase high heels online

Let us help you buy heels online right now! Shop with confidence, avoid troublesome returns and find your perfect stilettos.

We’ve reviewed hundreds of sites since we launched a decade ago, but three stand out as the best sites to buy heels online (full disclosure: as affiliates, we receive a small commission if you buy heels through the links below).

#1 Best online site for branded and work heels

BCBGeneration Heidi has set the bar high with fast, free shipping and returns, and a seemingly endless variety of stilettos and high heels (literally thousands of pairs).  They are the go-to place for work pumps too.

All the “jumbo” brands like Steve Madden, Nine West and Calvin Klein can be found at Zappos together with a couture selection offering heels from high end designers such as Giuseppe Zanotti and Sergio Rossi. Shipping is to the USA only.

In July 2019, Zappos turned 20 years old. There’s a reason that they’ve been around so long and that reason is because they are good! Highly recommended.

#1 Best online site for budget and fierce heels

Milanoo is the absolute best site for budget high heels. The site has free shipping and returns within the USA and also ships internationally.

Milanoo has plenty of fashion-influenced heels at great prices, with daily specials. It also has a section for ultra-high heels as well. Check it out today!

#1 Best online site for clubwear and party heels

AMI Clubwear is another long-standing online shoe retailer, having now had 15 years in the business (it was founded in California in 2004).

The site is famous for its cute heels and sexy shoes, as well as boots and celebrity-inspired offerings. AMI Clubwear famously invented the word “clubwear” and it is the best place to go for fun party heels.

Two more great tips for shopping online for high heels 

Shopping online for the best high heels has never been easier or more accessible. From the most fabulous trendy, strappy styles to professional pumps, you’ll be certain to find the right shoe.

To help you get started, here are two more tips that you may find useful. Good luck with your shopping!

#1 Know your fit

While many sites now offer free returns, it is better to get sizing right first time. This requires some knowledge about your shoe size and fit.

The best thing to do is to ask for what you think is your regular or most usual size. When setting up business, former custom shoemakers shoes of prey wondered if they could do better. They experimented with lots of different methods for trying to get people to more accurately explain their shoe size when ordering shoes online.

In the end, they concluded that “measuring your feet is actually very difficult to do without proper training.” After lots of experimentation, they found that if customers just asked for their regular shoe size that gave them the best chance of getting a good fit.

If you’re not sure of your size or fall between sizes then try rounding up. And when trying on shoes, do it later in the day as your feet will swell as the day wears on.

#2 Check the details

One feature that a number of online sites are offering to better promote their shoes is the view from every angle. You can also enlarge the pictures to see the small details and craftsmanship more closely.

One trap lies in not carefully checking the written details as well. A particularly important thing to check is that the material that the shoe is made from is what you want. Is it natural or is it man-made? Some sites use phrases like “PU leather” or “leather look” to describe man-made (ie non leather) materials and it can be easy to be caught out.

It’s official: Kate Moss wore Manolo Blahniks as her wedding shoes (not Christian Louboutin)

Godichefac sandals by Manolo Blahnik

There’s nothing like a celebrity shoe controversy to excite fashionistas. And one long-standing celeb footwear controversy that refuses to die is this: who made Kate Moss’s wedding shoes? Was it Manolo Blahnik or Christian Louboutin?

It is easy to see how confusion could have happened as Kate Moss’s 1 July 2011 wedding to Jamie Hince, the guitarist from indie rock duo The Kills, was quite the fashion event.

On the big day itself, Kate wore four different outfits and Jamie wore two. But the real question is what shoes was Kate wearing during her actual wedding ceremony in St Peter’s Church, Southrop in Gloucestershire England?

Kate MossImage: Walterlan Papetti [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

The answer is that Manolo Blahnik made the shoes that Kate Moss wore to her wedding ceremony.

Kate Moss’s official bridal heels were a bespoke pair of Manolo Blahnik’s strappy Godichefac sandals in white leather, which had been customised with crystals and blue insoles for Kate to wear on her big day.

The shoes were available at Barneys New York, but are no longer for sale anywhere. For the record, they had an open toe with an intricate swirl design and a 3.5 inch covered heel as shown below.

Godichefac sandals by Manolo Blahnik

The shoes were made in Milan, Italy but there was a problem: they didn’t work with the long train on Kate’s John Galliano-designed wedding dress. Too many jewels had been added the heels and they kept catching in the dress as the bride tried to walk.

The shoes arrived only the day before the wedding and they had to be sent back to the factory in Milan urgently for the problem to be corrected.

Manolo Blahnik
Image: Jindřich Nosek (NoJin) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

“We did them five times to get them the way she wanted,” revealed Manolo Blahnik to Women’s Wear Daily at the time. “My workers are the best people. I wouldn’t be here without them… we had women working up until midnight to change it.”

Not that he minded. In 2015, Manolo told the Wall Street Journal that:

“The thing I relish in fashion is: drama. Take the shoes I made for Kate Moss when she got married. What a bloody nightmare! We gave her the shoes, but then she said, ‘Oh, we need them without the jewels because they catch in the Galliano dress.’ So they went back to Milan, and the factory stayed open until midnight. I love things like that, the madness of it.”

So why could there have been such confusion about what brand of shoes Kate Moss was wearing when she got hitched? There are a few reasons.

First, Elle Magazine published an article on the day of the wedding quoting a supposedly “reliable source” as saying that Kate would be wearing red-soled Louboutins at her wedding. The source stated that the shoes would have a baby blue color in the interior.

Hours after the wedding, Elle issued a *red face* retraction of the story but the damage was already done.

So Kate by Christian Louboutin

Secondly, Christian Louboutin and Kate Moss did indeed collaborate for the supermodel’s wedding. However the shoes they were working on were not used for the ceremony itself. They were likely worn in the celebrations that followed.

In fact, Christian Louboutin’s So Kate heels were actually inspired by the designer’s time spent with Kate Moss fitting her for her shoes for her wedding celebrations –  a fact which both of them have confirmed. And they’re still Kate’s favorite heels of all time.

You can read more about the creation and rise of the Kate Moss-inspired So Kate pumps here.

After her wedding ceremony, Kate wore  three different Stella McCartney looks: an oyster silk chiffon dress for the first dance; a  mini, body-con, beaded dress after that and then a three-piece wool suit for her departure. While no pictures exist, we bet that she wore the Louboutins with the beaded dress.

So Kate heels by Christian Louboutin

Unlike Christian Louboutin, Manolo Blahnik actually attended Kate Moss’s wedding. He told the Telegraph’s old fashion website : “I’ve known Kate since she was a little girl. The wedding was divine. Kate has such a presence. You just have to feel it.”

Kate’s father Peter even thanked Manolo for making the bride look beautiful.

Unfortunately, a little like the Godichefac bridal shoes, the marriage didn’t pass the test of time. Kate Moss and Jamie Hince sadly separated in 2015 and divorced the following year.

Louboutin’s So Kate’s, meanwhile, have gone from strength to strength.

Jimmy Choo

Jimmy Choo the man

Born inMalaysia in 1957, Jimmy Choo is considered a grand-master of the stiletto heel. Choo made his first pair of shoes at the age of just 12 when working in the family business that was based out of their home.

Choo attended Cordwainer’s Technical College to perfect his knowledge of shoemaking while visiting relatives in London in the late 1970s .  He began designing footwear in 1980 under the name “Lucky Shoes”, quickly moving to a more custom-made shoe business by the mid-eighties.

Jimmy Choo also continued to build his own shoe line which became known for using exotic skins such as python, embossed leathers and fish skins. He achieved particular fame for his unusual embellishments, catching the eye of many celebrities that included Diana, Princess of Wales.

In 1996, Tamara Mellon, a stylist for British Vogue, approached Choo about taking the company to a larger scale, and would use her father’s wealth to back it.  The line was produced in Italy, and grew quickly, selling $400 a pair stilettos around the world.

Frequent mention of Choo’s stilettos in the press accounted for their success, such as the Bush twins wearing cashmere boots to their father’s inauguration in 2001.

Unfortunately creative differences between who actually designed the shoes soured the partnership between Choo, Mellon, and a niece who was also involved in the partnership, named Sandra Choi.  The Jimmy Choo name was owned by Mellon and Choi, and became its own household name.

The Jimmy Choo brand was listed on the London Stock Exchange in 2014. It was subsequently bought by Michael Kors in a transaction which completed on 1 November 2017.

Image credit (top): TEDxShanghai Jimmy Choo” (CC BY-SA 2.0) by Lawrence Wang 王治钧

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Manolo Blahnik

Manolo Blahnik

Manolo Blahnik is the modern legend for today’s stiletto heel, probably the greatest shoemaker of the 20th and 21st centuries.

The maestro of mules did not come from fashion royalty: Manolo Blahnik was born in 1943 on his parents’ banana plantation in the Canary Islands. After an unsuccessful time studying law and politics in Geneva, he moved to Paris in the mid-1960s to study set design.

Yet Blahnik’s interest in footwear was formed early in life. In the 2017 bio-pic Manolo: the boy who made shoes for lizards, Blahnik recounts that he would capture lizards on the island when he was a child and make shoes for them out of Cadbury’s foil chocolate wrappers!

As a child Blahnik had also been enchanted by his nanny’s “fantastic” espadrilles and his mother’s spectacular shoe collection – she was “mad for shoes” he said.

Upon meeting Diana Vreeland, editor of Vogue Magazine in American, Blahnik took an interest in designing shoes and introduced his first collection for Ossie Clark in 1972. Clark was “the man” in London at those times, and Blahnik has always counted himself lucky to get the design brief.

“Focus on extremities!” Vreedland had earlier told Blahnik when meeting him in 1970. “Oh my dear boy, do accessories”, she implored the young designer according to Blahnik himself. “Do shoes, shoes!”


Blahnik gathered a slew of celebrity friends as he partied his way around London, and became known for the shoes that Bianca Jagger wore for her big entrance on a white horse to Studio 54 in 1977.

Although well known in fashion circles by then, Blahnik became much of a household name due to the love affair that Carrie presented his shoes in Sex in the City on HBO in early 2000’s.

Since then, the name “Manolos” is frequently referred to in popular music, movies, TV shoes, and other pop culture references.  His sensual style has become the gold standard in which stilettos are thought of.

Manolo Blahnik

The first man on the cover of British Vogue, Blahnik is also a firm favorite of current Vogue editor Anna Wintour. “I can’t remember the last time I wore somebody else’s shoes,” Wintour has said. “I mean I just don’t even look at them!”

After designing over 25,000 shoes, Blahnik still sketches around 600 pairs a year. He is always seen doing this while wearing gloves because the inks he uses – from the legendary Dr Ph Martins – go straight into the skin and don’t come out easily.

Still carving the first wooden shoe lasts for his new models even though he is in his 70s, Blahnik has confessed that “My joy in life is spending time in the factories… It’s quiet sad to say, but this is the only thing that I love!”

The trade off is that many claim that his stilettos are the most comfortable of their style, as Blahnik has a true understanding of the contours of a woman’s foot.

High heel size chart

Converting between international high heel sizes is not as difficult or painful as you might think.

Using our free shoe size conversion chart will help you swap between USA shoe sizes and European, Australian and British sizes easily.

Below the chart you will find lots of helpful information to help you to convert high heel sizes. Please also read our FAQ for the most comprehensive information about converting heels from US sizes to European and English sizes.

Free international high heel size conversion chart

US / Australian European UK
5 36 3
6 37 4
7 38 5
8 39 6
9 40 7
10 41 8

FAQ about high heel size conversion

The information in our chart is intended as a guideline. Unfortunately sizing and fit may sometimes vary between brand.

Where a brand publishes its own conversion guide, you should use that. Here are some more hints to help you use this chart.

How do I adjust for half sizes?

For half sizes, just add on 0.5 to each measurement.

What is the difference between US and Australian shoe sizes?

US and Australian sizes for high heels are *the same.* You do not need to convert between these two shoe sizes.

How does the heel conversion chart convert between US and UK sizes?

The shoe size conversion between US and UK sizes is based on the rule which the most authorities rely on: just take away 2 sizes to go from a US size to a UK one.

It’s easy really and most shoe designers convert their sizes this way! However a small number of manufacturers recommend deducting 3 sizes (Christian Louboutin is one of these), and occasionally we see some slight variations to the golden rule.

If in doubt, we recommend that you ask the manufacturer.

What’s the most popular shoe size?

The most popular women’s shoe size in the USA is a US 8. This is a European size 39 and a British size 6.

More helpful information about converting between heel sizes

Sizes differ between brands but you should stick to your most usual size

It seems crazy but not all shoe manufacturers use exactly the same sizings. This can mean that if you’re a 7.5 in one brand, it is possible that you’ll be an 8 in another brand.

This means that you might convert a size and find that your heels are too big or too small. However, it is important to understand that this is not a problem with the conversion: it is one of the vagaries of buying stilettos.

You are more likely to get the shoe sizing right than get it wrong

Most people who buy high heels online end up with the right sized shoe! Although many people do have to return heels, the evidence from retailers suggests that return rates are around 35%.

If we accept that this applies to high heels, it means that 2 out of 3 purchasers are happy with their purchases. Of those who are not, many will be returned because the purchaser did not like the shoe – not because the shoe didn’t fit.

This means that most people buying shoes online get the fit right. You are also likely to do so, if necessary with the help of a trustworthy shoe size conversion chart like the one at the bottom of this post.

Measuring your feet is hard

Some online sites suggest that, rather than converting your shoes size, you should instead measure your feet and pick your shoe size from the measurements.

This might be possible but it is not always easy. Many shoe manufacturers have experimented with different methods to get people to more accurately measure their shoe size when ordering shoes online.

In the end, the usual conclusion is that just ordering your regular shoe size gives you the best chance of getting the correct fit. Measuring your feet is actually quite difficult to do, and your usual size is still the best guide.

There is no international “standard” for shoe size conversion

Our shoe size chart is based on the best, most widely agreed conversions for shoe sizes.

Not all shoe size charts will agree with ours because there is no absolute international standard for shoe size conversion.

Even leading manufacturers will differ slightly in their calculations. If you are buying from a brand that publishes its own shoe size conversion chart then you should follow that if it differs from our chart.

Our high heel conversion chart is based on the *most common* conversions between US and Australian sizes and European and English sizes. It is based both on our extensive experience and our research.

Good luck converting the size of your high heels and we hope you enjoy your purchases.

Download this chart?

If you’d like this chart as an image, it is available below.

Converting high heel heights from inches to mm

In this post we explain how to accurately convert heel heights from millimetres to inches (or vice versa).

The simple fact is that there are no tricks to converting heel heights! It is just easy math, with the key formulas being that 10mm = 1 cm and 2.54cm = 1 inch.

In reverse, 1mm =0.039 of an inch.

high heels daily

The need to convert arises because European manufacturers will usually use millimetres or centimetres to refer to the height whereas Americans will typically use inches. But then almost all online retailers go by inches meaning that they convert from mm even where the heels are European.

Generally, heel heights are rounded approximately when they are converted. For an example of the conversion, we will use Christian Louboutin’s popular 100mm (ie 10cm) Pigalle heels. These heels are advertised by Louboutin with the height in mm not in inches.

Converting 100mm to inches gives a height of 3.94 inches. However, these calculations are almost always rounded so the 100mm Pigalle is generally referred to as the 4 inch version of the pump.

In a similar way, a 4 inch pump converts to 101.6mm but would ordinarily be referred to as a 100mm (10cm) heel.

Conversion guide for heel heights

An approximate conversion guide for common heel heights is as follows:

3 inch heels = 75mm
4 inch heels = 100mm
5 inch heels = 125mm
6 inch heels= 150mm

Sometimes errors in the conversion come because the high heel heights have not been measured correctly. You may find it helpful to read our post on measuring high heel heights too.

Sparkle Season

The sparkle season – or the festive period as ordinary people refer to it – is almost upon us. Have you got your killer Christmas party shoes yet? If not then take a look at these gold studded stunners.  With a pinpoint gold heel, slinky peep toes and a striking double buckle, we admire the woman who could say no to this perfect pair.

These high sandals would look best teamed with a skirt or dress, and the height of the shoe will make legs appear elongated. The embellished Gyrate shoes are a must-have for any A/W wardrobe this year so buy yours now from at £150.

gold sandals

It’s all Black and White…

Who can resist the classic appeal of black and white? This two piece stiletto is the ultimate shining star of any outfit.  Whether you need to dress up a work ensemble to take your look from day to night, or need a stylish 11cm boost for a first date, this pair will do the trick.

Made out of leather with a trendy print on the pointy toe feature, a fashionista simply can’t let these pass her by. Pick them up from Aldo, £70.

aldo heels